People and Culture

Marijuana’s complicated legal status has created equally complex social systems surrounding the crop. 

We ask…

  • How has cannabis cultivation changed over time (the past 40 years), and how will it change following increased liberalization in California and abroad?
  • How has commercializing legislation affected the agricultural, social, and environmental practices of export-oriented non-legal producers?
  • What effect do policy and industrial changes have upon social relations in cannabis-producing communities and through the cannabis commodity chain?
  • Who participates in cannabis cultivation and under what conditions, and to what extent does participation change across spatial, racial or class-based lines of difference? 

Current Projects

Policy and Land Use

Relationships between governments, regulations and growers.


Effects of cannabis production on water, air and wildlife.

People and Culture

Effects of liberalization and legalization on policy and society.